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All About Amnesia

Minggu, 21 Agustus 2011

Amnesia is loss memory of someone such as events, information, and experiences. In general amnesia does not cause loss of identity. Symptoms are also called amnestik syndrome is usually clear and the patient knew who he was, but had trouble learning about information and forming new memories.

Amnesia caused by damage to parts of the brain important for memory processes. Unlike a temporary episode of memory loss (transient global amnesia), amnestik syndrome can be a permanent memory loss. Clinical treatment mentioned, there is no specific treatment for amnesia, but there are techniques for improving memory. Psychological support and family can also help people with amnesia.

The main feature of amnesia is an impaired ability to learn new information after the onset of amnesia (anterograde amnesia) as well as an impaired ability to remember past events and information previously known. People with the syndrome amnestik cannot store new information. In some instances they were impaired at the level of his memory. However, this memory loss will not affect intelligence, general knowledge, awareness, attention span, assessments, personality, and their identity. Amnestik syndrome usually can understand written and spoken. They did not lose the expertise that they possess, such as riding motorcycles, playing guitar.

Amnesia can also occur because of damage to brain structures that make up the limbic system, which controls emotions and memories. These structures include the thalamus at the center of the brain and hippocampal formation in temporal lobe of the brain.

There are also other types of rare-called psychogenic amnesia or dissociative. This happens because people shocked or experiencing emotional trauma, such as victims of crime. But usually this happens within a short time. Doctors Yoeswar Darisan, SpS, from the Indonesian Red Cross Hospital said Bogor amnesia in the world of medicine is said to be forgotten or not realized within a few moments. "Forget it, this is only the symptom. Usually more due to head trauma, "he told Tempo last Thursday.

These symptoms could be from mild to severe scale. According Yoeswar, if the patient asked about the incident that caused amnesia, such as falls, accidents, and certain events, he will not remember at all.

Unlike a dementia "In people with dementia will remember if reminded," he said. There is no treatment that can be done for patients with amnestik syndrome. While treatment for the syndrome that leads to dementia due to vitamin B1 deficiency can be done by replacing the vitamin and give a balanced nutrition. The amnesic patients generally can be treated regularly to learn new information. Can use the memories intact as a base to take new information, even through memory training with managing a variety of strategies to make it easier to remember and understand things.

The sophistication of the technology can be used with amnesia, such as personal digital assistants, BlackBerry, and iPhone. This powerful tool used to help people with severe amnesia in performing everyday tasks. If there is no sophisticated devices, notebook calendar, pill reminders, photographs, and a particular place can also help them.

Living with people with amnesia is not an easy thing. Not just family and friends are frustrated, but also patients themselves. "Talking with someone or those who understand the amnesia or support group might be more easier for her.

  1. False memories (confabulation)
  2. Neurological problems, such as tremors and seizures
  3. Aging
  4. Alcoholism
  5. Brain damage, either due to disease or injury in a collision
  6. tumors or infection
  7. Brain infection, or syphilis Lymedisease trillionth 
  8. Depression or emotional trauma, brain trauma, hysteria and stroke
  9. The drugs, benzodiazepines and trillionth ti anesthetic drugs
  10. Elektrokonfulsif therapy (especially those done in the long run)
  11. Anesthetic drugs
  12. Problem nutrients (vitamin B12)

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