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Kamis, 24 Maret 2011

Have you always planning of could you repeat that? Fit the iris color of a person? It is real with the intention of the melanin (the pigment controlled in the iris) with the intention of determines the color of the iris itself. But how melanin can fit the color of the iris are visible? Inside addition, here are a variety of insignia the creature eye and this color is inherited, alias can be derived. How can the color of the iris is derived?

We think it over initially how the arrangement of slices from front to back. That higher than is the front layer and the underside is a layer behind the iris.

How sort out the characteristics of all color of the iris?

If here is a ration of melanin pigment on the front layer of the iris, the iris looks brown to black. If the pigment is a little, at that time could you repeat that? Appears is the shadow of the then layer of the blue or bleak. If the pigment does not exist by all, at that time the color you think it over is red, according to the color of the iris blood vessel lining.
How is the color of the iris is derived? (science detected):

Eye color is governed by two kinds of alleles. The initially is a gene allele bey1 (EYCL2) and bey2 (EYCL3), which has a genotype with the intention of is B (brown iris) and b (blue iris). Allele is located on DNA 15 long string (15q11-15). While the following allele is the gene gey2 (EYCL1). There are two kinds of genes are furthermore of this allele, namely G and g. Allele is located on DNA 19 fleeting chains (19p13.1-13:11). New G gene face in dominant form.

The link of genes G and B genes clash by kodominasi isoaglutinogen on blood assemble determination. If thumbs down gene G (in other terms with the intention of here are single g), at that time the gene will be converted into motionless and the spot of genes in the genetic symbol is replaced by gene b. Means pro the G allele genotype (haploid), here are three kinds of combinations, namely GG, GB, and bb. While the B genes (haploid) as usual, here are three combinations furthermore are bit, Bb, and bb. This earnings here are 3 x 3 aka nine kinds of combinations of genotypes with the intention of could be on the fetus, namely:

BBGG. Brunette phenotype.
BbGG. Brunette phenotype.
BBGb. Brunette phenotype.
BbGb. Brunette phenotype.
BBBB. Brunette phenotype.
BBBB. Brunette phenotype.
BbGG. Green phenotype.
BbGb. Green phenotype.
BBBB. Blue phenotype.

With a combination like this, here will still be two parents with brown eyes be inflicted with a biological offspring with conservational or blue iris. But not sub- versa. Two parents with blue eyes could not be inflicted with biological offspring with brown eyes. This apparently causes the frequency of blue iris color to be dominant amongst the Caucasian. (Look by the picture higher than some time ago again. All eyes color combinations can yield a blue iris, aptly?) However, this thought does not explain the eye color outside these three types (such as the albino red, bleak, and hazel) and sort out not explain the gradations of brown on slices (from light brown, amber, to dark brown).

Equally to predict could you repeat that? Type of genotype on someone, can be traced from the eye color pattern in the family tree (parents and brothers and sisters who are blood related). For model, public with brown eye color phenotype, which has a parental eye color conservational (bbG_) and brown (B_G_), likely to be inflicted with genotype BbG_.

What is apparent, the color of the iris is fit not by single genes, but by the interaction of several genes.

Abnormalities in the iris (heterochromia):

Eye color is single-minded by the amount of melanin, a dark brown pigment, which is found in the eye, called "slices".

Blue eyes are caused by a small amount of melanin, while brown eyes showed iris with a ration of melanin content.

People with mane color and darker skin be inflicted with more melanin so with the intention of they be inflicted with brown eyes, while public with mane and skin color is more pale has a less important amount of melanin with the intention of ordinarily be inflicted with a lighter eye color.

When an party has a uncommon amount of melanin in all iris in their eyes, at that time their eyes will be inflicted with a uncommon color. This is called Heterochromia Iridium.
Heterochromia Iridium is relatively rare pro humans counting, but includes ordinary in approximately animals such as horses, cats, and approximately species of dogs.

Heterochromia Iridium allegedly as a upshot of a exchange in lone of several genes with the intention of standardize eye color.

Heterochromia Iridium can furthermore be an offspring, although shock and several types of behavior can furthermore principal to increased or decreased pigmentation in lone slice. Some types of health check syndromes, such as Waardenburg syndrome, furthermore can cause a person to be inflicted with two uncommon eye insignia.

Examples of public who be inflicted with two uncommon eye color:

Indonesian Batik to Complete Your Fashion

Minggu, 06 Maret 2011

Batik (Javanese pronunciation: ['bate?]; Indonesian: ['bat??]; English: /'bæt?K/ or /b?'ti?K/) is a cloth with the purpose of traditionally uses a physical wax-resist dyeing skill.

Javanese traditional batik, especially from Yogyakarta and Surakarta, has notable meanings rooted to the Javanese conceptualization of the universe. Traditional colours include cobalt, dark brown, and white, which epitomize the three major Hindu Gods (Brahma, Visnu, and Siva). This is interconnected to the piece of information with the purpose of natural dyes are nearly all commonly on hand in cobalt and brown. Certain patterns can simply be worn by upper class; traditionally, wider stripes or wavy ranks of greater width indicated upper rank. Consequently, at some point in Javanese ceremonies, individual might determine the royal ancestry of a person by the cloth he or she was wearing.

Other regions of Indonesia comprise their own unique patterns with the purpose of normally take themes from everyday lives, incorporating patterns such as flowers, nature, animals, tradition or associates. The colours of pesisir batik, from the coastal cities of northern Java, is especially alive, and it absorbs influence from the Javanese, Arab, Chinese and Dutch cultures. Here the regal period pesisir batik was a favourite of the Peranakan Chinese, Dutch and Eurasians.[citation needed]

UNESCO designated Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on October 2, 2009. Like part of the acknowledgment, UNESCO insisted with the purpose of Indonesia preserve their heritage.

Batik or fabrics with the traditional batik patterns are plus found in several countries such as Malaysia, Japan, dishware, Azerbaijan, India, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Nigeria, Senegal, and Singapore. Malaysian batik often displays plants and flowers to avert the construal of human being and innate images as adoration, in accordance with indigenous Islamic doctrine


Although the word's origin is Javanese, its etymology may perhaps be either from the Javanese amba ('to write') and titik ('dot' or 'point'), or constructed from a hypothetical Proto-Austronesian root *beCík, significance 'to tattoo' from the mistreat of a needle in the process. The word is number one recorded in English in the Encyclopædia Britannica of 1880, in which it is spelled battik. It is attested in the Indonesian Archipelago at some point in the Dutch regal epoch in various forms: Mbatek, mbatik, batek and batik.


Wax-resist dyed yard goods from Niya (Tarim Basin), dishware
The carving details of clothes wore by Prajnaparamita, 13th century East Java image. The intricate flower-patterned pattern alike to traditional Javanese batik.

Wax resist dyeing skill in fabric is an ancient art form. Discoveries musical it already existed in Egypt in the 4th century BCE, somewhere it was used to wrap mummies; linen was soaked in grow, and scratched using a acid tool. Here Asia, the skill was practised in dishware at some point in the T'ang empire (618-907 CE), and in India and Japan at some point in the Nara epoch (645-794 CE). Here Africa it was originally practised by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, Soninke and Wolof in Senegal.[6]

Here Java, Indonesia, batik predates printed records. G. P. Rouffaer argues with the purpose of the skill might comprise been introduced at some point in the 6th or 7th century from India or Sri Lanka.[6] On the other give, JLA. Brandes (a Dutch archeologist) and F.A. Sutjipto (an Indonesian archeologist) believe Indonesian batik is a native tradition, regions such as Toraja, Flores, Halmahera, and Papua, which were not straight influenced by Hinduism and comprise an old age tradition of batik making.[7]

Rouffaer plus reported with the purpose of the gringsing pattern was already acknowledged by the 12th century in Kediri, East Java. He concluded with the purpose of such a delicate pattern might simply be bent by resources of the canting (also spelled tjanting or tjunting; pronounced [?T?An'ti?]) tool. He anticipated with the purpose of the canting was make-believe in Java around with the purpose of moment in time.[7] The carving details of clothes wore by Prajnaparamita, the image of buddhist goddess of transcendental wisdom from East Java circa 13th century CE. The clothes details shows intricate flower-patterned pattern alike to nowadays traditional Javanese batik. This suggested intricate batik fabric pattern functional by canting already existed in 13th century Java or even earlier.

Batik was mentioned in the 17th century Malay Annals. The legend goes after Laksamana Hang Nadim was controlled by Sultan Mahmud to sail to India to walk 140 pieces of serasah cloth (batik) with 40 types of flowers depicted on all. Unable to come across every with the purpose of fulfilled the chuck explained to him, he made up his own. On his return unfortunately, his boat sank and he simply managed to bring four pieces, earning displeasure from the Sultan

Here Europe, the skill is described in place of the number one moment in time in the History of Java, available in London in 1817 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles who had been a British controller in place of the island. Here 1873 the Dutch trade Van Rijckevorsel gave the pieces he collected at some point in a slip to Indonesia to the ethnographic museum in Rotterdam. Today Tropenmuseum houses the biggest collection of Indonesian batik in the Netherlands. The Dutch were dynamic in emergent batik in the regal era, they introduced brand new innovations and prints. And it was indeed opening from the in the early hours 19th century with the purpose of the art of batik really grew finer and reached its golden epoch. Exposed to the Exposition Universelle on Paris in 1900, the Indonesian batik impressed the open and the artisans.[6] After the independence of Indonesia and the decline of the Dutch yard goods industry, the Dutch batik production was lost. The Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag contains artifacts from with the purpose of era.

Due to globalization and industrialization, which introduced automated techniques, brand new breeds of batik, acknowledged as batik cap (['t?Ap]) and batik print emerged, and the traditional batik, which incorporates the give printed wax-resist dyeing skill is acknowledged at this time as batik tulis (lit: 'Written Batik').

At the same moment in time, according to the Museum of Cultural History of Oslo, Indonesian immigrants to Malaysia brought the art with them. Like last-ditch as the 1920s Javanese batik makers introduced the mistreat of grow and copper blocks on Malaysia's east coast. The production of give drawn batik in Malaysia is of up to date rendezvous and is interconnected to the Javanese batik tulis. 

Here Sub Sahara Africa, Javanese batik was introduced in the 19th century by Dutch and English traders. The indigenous associates in attendance adapted the Javanese batik, making superior motifs, thicker ranks and more flag. Here the 1970s, batik was introduced to the native commune in Australia, the native commune on Ernabella and Utopia at this time urbanized it as their own craft


Here individual form or any more, batik has worldwide popularity. Now, not simply is batik used as a material to clothe the human being body, its uses plus include furnishing fabrics, difficult image wall hangings, tablecloths and household accessories. Batik techniques are used by famous artists to create batik paintings, which grace many homes and offices.


The Javanese aristocrats R.A. Kartini in kebaya and her wife. Her skirt is of batik, with the parang pattern, which was in place of aristocrats. Her wife is wearing a blangkon

Depending on the quality of the art masterpiece, dyes, and fabric, the finest batik tulis halus cloth can fetch several thousand dollars and it probably took several months to put up. Batik tulis has both sides of the cloth ornamented.

Here Indonesia, traditionally, batik was sold in 2.25-meter lengths used in place of kain panjang or skirt in place of kebaya dress. It can plus be worn by wrapping it around the body, or made into a hat acknowledged as blangkon. Infants are agreed in batik slings decorated with symbols designed to bring the daughter destiny. Certain batik designs are snobbish in place of brides and bridegrooms, as well as their families. The deadly are wearing a veil in funerary batik.[1] Other designs are snobbish in place of the Sultan and his breed or their attendants. A person's rank might be firm by the pattern of the batik he or she wore.

For special occasions, batik was formerly decorated with gold leaf or dust. This cloth is acknowledged as prada (a Javanese word in place of gold) cloth. Gold decorated cloth is still made nowadays; however, gold paint has replaced gold dust and leaf.

Batik garments engage in recreation a central role in a number of rituals, such as the formal casting of royal batik into a volcano. Here the Javanese naloni mitoni "first pregnancy" ceremony, the mother-to-be is wrapped in seven layers of batik, wishing her well-behaved things. Batik is plus prominent in the tedak siten ceremony after a daughter touches the earth in place of the number one moment in time. Batik is plus part of the labuhan ceremony after associates collect on a beach to cast their problems away into the sea.[12]

The ample diversity of patterns reflects a variety of influences, ranging from local designs, Arabic calligraphy, European bouquets and Chinese phoenixes to Japanese red blossoms and Indian or Persian peacocks.[1]
Contemporary men batik shirt in characteristic Solo type, sogan color and lereng motif.

Contemporary batik, while owing much to the historical, is markedly singular from the more traditional and strict styles. For pattern, the singer may perhaps mistreat etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, singular tools in place of waxing and dyeing, or grow recipes with singular resist ideals. They may perhaps masterpiece with silk, cotton, hair, leather, paper, or even wood and ceramics.


Here Indonesia, batik popularity has had its up and downs. Historically, it was essential in place of formal costumes and it was worn as part of a kebaya dress, which was commonly worn all date. According to Professor Michael Hitchcock of the University of Chichester (UK), batik "has a strong following dimension. The batik shirt was make-believe as a strict non-Western shirt in place of men in Indonesia in the 1960s, not long behind the country's birth.[13] It waned from the 1960s onwards, as more and more associates chose western clothes as fashionable, decimating the batik industry.

However, batik clothing has recharged somewhat in the meander of 21st century, due to the effort of Indonesian shape designers to innovate the kebaya by incorporating brand new flag, fabrics, and patterns. Batik is a shape thing in place of many adolescent associates in Indonesia, such as a shirt, dress, or scarf in place of casual wear. Kebaya is regarded as a strict dress in place of women. It is plus acceptable in place of men to wear batik in the department or as a replacement in place of jacket-and-tie on a number of receptions. After the UNESCO recognition in place of Indonesian batik as intangible earth heritage on October 2, 2009, Indonesian administration has asked Indonesians to wear batik on friday, and wearing batik all friday is encouraged in all government offices and privileged companies yet since

Garuda Indonesia departure attendant uniform in kebaya and batik parang gondosuli motif.

The existence and mistreat of batik was already recorded in the 12th century and the yard goods has since befall a strong source of identity in place of Indonesians, and to slighter size Malaysia and Singapore. Batik is featured in their subject airlines uniform, the departure attendants of Singaporean, Garuda Indonesia and Malaysian subject airlines wear batik prints in their uniform. Although the uniforms are really not real batik as the production is not using the traditional way but using dimension produced techniques. The female uniform of Garuda Indonesia departure attendants is more authentic novel interpretations of kartini type kebaya and batik parang gondosuli motif, which plus incorporate garuda's wing motif and small dots epitomize jasmine. The batik motif symbolizes the ‘Fragrant Ray of Life’ and endows the wearer with elegance.

7 Ways to Lower Blood Pressure Naturally (Cause of Death No.3 In Indonesia!)

Jumat, 04 Maret 2011

The number of people suffering from hypertension is increasing at an alarming rate and the cause is the lifestyle we live and the type of food we eat. It is estimated that currently one of three Indonesian men aged over 18 years have hypertension. Hypertension is the third cause of death in Indonesia, after a stroke and tuberculosis-which reached about 6.7% of deaths in all age populations in Indonesia.


Hypertension is a silent killer (silent killer) because there are no typical symptoms or signs as early warning. "Most people feel healthy and energetic, even though he suffered from hypertension," said health minister ri, Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih when opening the 4th scientific meeting on hypertension in jakarta (13/2/10).

If you have hypertension, it is important for you to always manage it. Here are 7 natural solutions that can help you lower your blood pressure:

Stress  Managing

Stress is one factor that plays a major role in high blood pressure. Lowering stress will lowering blood pressure in most people. Besides recreation, regular exercise can help reduce stress and lower resting heart rate, which is important for heart health. Listening to relaxing music for 20 to 30 minutes a day is also known to slow the heart rate and lowering blood pressure.


Start now widely available in Indonesia various aromatherapy products that are useful lower high blood pressure. Inhaling aroma of chamomile blue oil is said to be useful to calm the mind. A soothing relaxing effect can also be obtained from the massage with a blend of lavender and olive oil or sunflower oil and blue chamomile.

Balancing salt

Excess sodium increases blood pressure. You should reduce salt intake to below 6 grams per day. On the contrary, increase the portion of potassium and magnesium. The balance of salt to keep your blood pressure at healthy levels. This can be done with emphasis on fruits, vegetables and grains. Bananas, melons, oranges, cabbage and cauliflower and other fresh vegetables are sources of magnesium. Potassium found in beans, rice, wheat, soybeans and bananas.


Celery and celery oil helped widen the muscles that regulate blood pressure. Celery juice combined carrot and water is a delicious and nutritious beverage useful.


Garlic that we use as a spice in cuisines is also beneficial to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels and improve blood circulation. Garlic pills can be a practical solution to keep your blood pressure and cholesterol. In a meta-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials of garlic supplements, three trials showed a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure and four in diastolic blood pressure. The researchers concluded that garlic powder supplement clinically efficacious in patients with mild high blood pressure.

Black cumin

Black cumin (Black Seed) for thousands of years has been widely recognized as a nutritious crop with more than 100 active chemicals. "Black Seed heals every disease except death," the words of the prophet muhammad. Pre-clinical research has shown the benefits of black cumin in a decrease in arterial pressure after 15 days of use. This benefit is probably derived from the antioxidant properties of cumin.

Fish oil    

Preliminary studies show that fish oil has a modest effect on high blood pressure. Fish oil supplements contain dha (docohexaenoic acid) which can reduce high blood pressure. 

What's In Our Brains

Kamis, 03 Maret 2011

It may sound surprising, but there is one organism that can dwell in the brain and causes rapid death of the victim. This organism called Naegleria amoeba flowleri, and found throughout the world. These organisms often appeared in the warm, stagnant bodies of fresh water, such as lakes, rivers, hot springs, and pools are not given the chlorine. This amoeba can not enter simply by drinking or across the water; new infections occur when water rose to his nose. This amoeba enters the body through the nose, usually when the person is swimming underwater or diving. From the nose, the amoeba is spread to the nerve fibers, through the skull, and into the brain. Naegleria is like the warmth of the brain and will multiply until one day, usually within three to seven days, the victim was killed.
There are about 200 recorded cases of Naegleria infection throughout the world in the last 40 years. The children considered most at risk because their immune systems are weaker. However, although these infections are rare, if you decide to swim in fresh water is warm, Do not Forget To Use Clamps Nose!

About Naegleria fowleri

Naegleria fowleri (pronunciation / nə'ɡlɪə. ɹiə /) (also called "brain-eating amoeba") is the protists that live in warm fresh water, with a temperature of 25-35 degrees Celsius. This amoeba into Percolozoa group or Heterolobosea.

N. fowleri can invade the human nervous system, although it rarely appears, the infection almost always causes the death of the victim.

From 1964 more than 60 cases of death in people because this parasitic infection that caused the disease "meningoencephalitis" (inflammation of the lining of the brain). This incident was reported from countries Czech, Slovak, United States, Africa, New Zealand and Australia. Naegleria fowleria in isolation from these deaths. Ameba was killing animals in a laboratory experiment at the time of injected intra nasal, intra-venous and intracerebral. These organisms do not form cyste or flagella in host body and vakuolanya contain cell debris (cell debris) from the host.

Almost all cases of meningoencephalitis is very closely related to the swimming pool or lake. It is very possible trophoszoit enter through the nose dive when people in the water. Cases have been reported indicate that infection occurs when Muslims perform ablutions with 5 X daily nasal washing occurred in Muslim farmers in Nigeria. After entry into the nose trophozoit then migrate along the nerve of this amoeba olfactorius through the slab and into the cranium Cribiform. Death is caused by damage to brain tissue rapidly and only several patients were rescued.