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Sperm Examination

Senin, 09 Agustus 2010

Examination of sperm (cement analysis, more precisely) is an examination conducted to measure the amount and quality of cement and sperm of a man. Understanding of different cement with sperm. Overall, white and viscous liquid that comes out of male genitalia in the ejaculate is called cement. While the 'creatures' small swimming pool on the cement-called sperm.

Cement analysis is one of the first-line examination to determine male fertility. This examination can help determine whether there is a problem in sperm production system or on sperm quality, which is the source of infertility. Please note, nearly half of couples who do not successfully obtain offspring, infertility caused by male partner.

There are two important stages in the examination of sperm, ie stage sampling and the examination stage of sperm.

At the sampling stage, a few things to note are:
  • Men are retrieved cement in good health and enough rest. Not in a state of exhaustion or hunger.
  • Three or four days before the cement was taken, men are not allowed to make sexual activity resulting in the release of cement. WHO recommends even 2-7 days of fasting ejaculation should, of course not limited to husband-wife relationship, but in any way.
  • Cement (sperm) was issued through masturbation in the laboratory (usually provided a special place). Sperm are then stored in glass tubes. If you're having trouble to remove the sperm in this way, discuss with your doctor.
  • Masturbation should not use a lubricant material such as soap, oil, etc.

Whereas in the second stage is the cement samples were examined in the laboratory. Some things that are checked include:

Sperm Count (Sperm Count)
Cement normally contains 20 million sperm per milliliter and 8 million are active. Actively moving sperm is very important, because it shows the ability of sperm to move from where she was sprayed into the place of conception (fallopian tubes, part of a woman's womb).

Inspection results are usually expressed in terms as follows:
  • Polyzoospermia: very high sperm concentrations
  • Oligozoospermia: Number of less than 20 million sperm / ml
  • ypospermia: cement volume <1.5 ml • Hyperspermia: cement volume> 5.5 ml
  • spermia: No cement
  • yospermia: There are white blood cells in cement
  • Hematospermia: There are red blood cells in cement
  • Asthenozoospermia: Sperm are capable of moving <40%. • Teratozoospermia:> 40% of sperm have an abnormal shape
  • Necozoospermia: sperm are not alive
  • Oligoasthenozoospermia: Sperm are capable of moving <8 million / ml
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Sperm shape (Sperm Morphology)
Checking the size, shape, and the picture is usually through the examination of sperm samples were stained under the microscope. The assessment classified into four groups: normal, abnormal head, abnormal tail, and immature sperm cells (immature germ cells, IGC).

Sperm movement (motility Sperm)
It said normal if 40% or more sperm can move normally. However, some centers said that laboratory normal values are 60% or more.

1 komentar:

Tim mengatakan...

Nice Post!

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